Alfalfa is useful as forage for livestock, and has one of the highest nutritional values of all the hay crops. Alfalfa performs best when planted in well draining loamy soils with good moisture.
Corn is one of the most popular crops because of its many applications – as feed for livestock, as food for humans and as a material in manufacturing, energy and other industries.
Cotton is a profitable crop that can be used in textile manufacturing and food production (cottonseed oil). Its ideal growing conditions are warmer climates.
Sorghum is a versatile, fast-growing grain with strong drought tolerance. Because its planting dates can vary, sorghum is popular in the Eastern and Southern regions of the United States.
Soybeans are rich in protein and oil, making it a useful crop for humans and livestock alike. Soybeans can be grown throughout nearly the entire U.S.